在 Ableton Live 中制作「门限混响」效果

上一篇文章中我们提到了一种混响的特殊用法,叫做「门限混响」(「Gated Reverb」)。这种兴起于 80 年代的混音手法可以制造出爆发性强且空间感十足的军鼓音色,曾一度被以 Phil Collins 和 David Bowie 为代表的众多音乐人广泛使用。

今天,我们就用 Ableton Live 中自带的音色及效果器来重制一个典型的「门限混响」效果。

第一步

首先,我们需要建立一个输出到 Master 总轨上的鼓组。

微信截图_20160907195107

然后编辑一小段简单的节奏。它听起来现在是这样的:

注意鼓组里的每样乐器都是独占一轨的,方便待会儿对军鼓轨道进行发送和效果处理。

第二步

在「A Return」上加载一个混响效果器,然后将鼓组中的军鼓轨道 100% 发送到 「A Return」上。

对于混响的调制,原则上需要留出一定的预延迟时间(Pre-delay)时间,以使得军鼓的音头得以清晰保留。

微信截图_20160907203440

加载在「A Return」轨道上的混响器参数

现在,军鼓的声音几乎淹没在混响效果中。

第三步

把军鼓轨道 100% 发送到「B Return」轨道上,并将「B Return」轨道的输出设置为 Sends Only(仅发送)。这样做是为了让军鼓的干声成为门限效果器的侧链输入源。轨道设置为仅发送时,轨道没有实际的声音输出。

然后,在「A Return」轨道上加载 Gate(门限)效果器。选择 Sidechain(侧链)模式。输入源选择「B Return」轨道。参数设置如下图。

微信截图_20160907205047

门限效果器参数

这里是最后的效果。「门限混响」!听起来还不错吧!

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